In an April webinar, energy panelists discussed how New York State will need at least“45 gigawatts of reliable carbon neutral power” to achieve the 2040 climate goal of dispatchable emission free resources (DFER’s).
The PSC’s exploration of DFER’s follows The Climate Action Scoping Plan’s call for the “evaluation of new energy resources on an ongoing basis to monitor trends in cost, availability technology maturity, and other factors.” The Scoping Plan notes that “community thermal energy networks, green hydrogen, enhanced geothermal, and advanced nuclear” along with “biofuels such as renewable natural gas (RNG) have potential to serve as flexible and dispatchable resources.”
Accordingly, within the PSC order, the Commission asks stakeholders a series of important questions, including:
· How to define ‘zero-emissions’ for purposes of the zero emissions by 2040 target?
· Should ‘zero-emissions’ include cutting edge technologies such as advanced nuclear, long duration energy storage, green hydrogen, and demand response?
· How to best design a zero-emissions program by 2040, that is equitable to disadvantaged communities as well as robust enough to meet state and federal electric grid reliability rules?